Chronic Ear Infections–
Chronic ear infection is an ear infection that does not heal. A recurring ear infection can act like a chronic ear infection. This is also known as recurring acute otitis media. The space at the back the eardrum is affected by this infection.
Chronic otitis media (COM) is a long-lasting infection of the middle ear that often produces a perforation in the tympanic membrane (eardrum) and can lead to damage of the ossicles (middle ear bones) or tissue membrane of the middle ear, producing hearing loss.
An infection in the middle ear can reason the eardrum to rupture, resulting in a perforation. With acute otitis media, this perforation generally heals on its own. If it doesn’t heal, a hearing loss occurs, often associated with head noise (tinnitus) and ear drainage. When a chronic infection is present, it’s less likely that a perforation can heal.
Middle ear infections often result in the formation of tympanosclerosis (scarring) in the middle fibrous layers of the tympanic membrane. The tympanosclerosis stiffens the eardrum, often affecting its movement, and if it spreads to involve the three bones of hearing, hearing loss will happen.
Chronic otitis media and perforation of the eardrum can also lead to formation of cholesteatoma. This results from the movement of skin from the ear canal and outside of the eardrum down through the hole in the eardrum into the middle ear space. Cholesteatoma is a compilation of skin trapped in an area where the skin does not belong and mostly requires surgical correction.
Infections of the middle ear can reason hearing impairment and discharge from the ear. Occasionally, symptoms of more advanced chronic ear disease are present such as pain, dizziness, or facial weakness.
Based on your symptoms and findings, additional tests of hearing and balance and radiographic studies such as a CT scan may be necessary.
Treatment options offered for chronic ear infection include medication, such as ear drops to treat ear drainage, and surgical treatment, such as myringoplasty, mastoidectomy, and tympanoplasty.
Concept of good quality health care is shifting from humanity care to Morbidity care. ENT specialist has 3 of the 5 unique senses, namely Hearing, Smell and Taste under its care. The 6th newly included special Sense of Balance is also connected to the ear. Care of hearing, taste, smell, voice and balance care come under ENT. So morbidity and wellness care is unfinished without ENT care.
Hearing loss in a child should be suspected, if reaction of your child is not proper. When the child is Lazy, Inattentive or Naughty. When there is holdup in speech development. For further detail look in common warning symbols.
Sinus surgery is often required when someone with sinusitis does not get better after trying prescription or other treatments.
Tonsillitis is a disease of the tonsils. Symptoms of tonsillitis include severe sore throat, trouble swallowing, headache, fever and chills.