Summers in India are harsh, and the side effect of the heat leads to health problems like dehydration, heat strokes, skin rashes and many more. A common problem that happens during this season is nosebleed. Although it is most common in children, a nosebleed can also affect adults when the mercury rises.
So what leads to nosebleed? When the minute blood capillaries burst due to hot air, or due to nose picking, the protective mucus coating inside the nose gets dry which leads to bleeding. Although rare, the inability of the blood to clot can also reason the nose to bleed at times. In some cases, high blood pressure can also be a cause.
Although it can be a bit messy, nose bleeds usually are not serious and can be simply stopped. Here are some quick ways you can try if you are prone to nose bleeds during the summer season.
- It is advised to keep washing your face with cold water so that the nostrils also say hydrated.
- Cover your head with a cap or a scarf when outdoors. Also, cover your nose with a handkerchief or a cotton cloth to avoid hot air drying the insides of the nose.
- Rubbing ice against your nose can be effective in controlling nose bleeds. The ice helps in reducing the swelling in the blood vessels.
- Ensure to eat foods that are rich in vitamin C. Fruits and vegetables like guavas, kale, mustard, parsley, oranges, strawberries, and lemons help in blood clotting.
- If your nose suddenly starts to bleed, quickly elevate your head and sit in an upright position until the bleeding stops.
Nosebleeds (or epistaxis if you’re into medical jargon) happen when tiny blood vessels lining the inside of your nose burst. This can be caused by a variety of factors; two of the most common are dry air and nose picking. Other reasons include trauma, sinus infections, allergies, deviated septum, hypertension, bleeding disorders, chemical irritants, overuse of decongestant nasal sprays, high altitudes and extreme temperatures. This is why nosebleeds in Pennsylvania are most common during the summer and winter months.
The majority of nosebleeds aren’t serious, though in rare cases they may indicate an underlying disease.
Most summer nosebleeds respond well to treatment at home. The following instructions should help stop the flow of blood.
- Sit down, lean forward and pinch your nostrils together using your thumb and forefinger until the bleeding stops (usually within 15 minutes). Do this for both nostrils, even if you are only experiencing bleeding from one side. Don’t tilt your head backwards; doing so may reason blood to flow down the back of your throat, leading to stomach irritation.
- Avoid blowing your nose for several hours after the bleeding stops and do not pick your nose.
- Keep your head elevated above the level of your heart.
- Avoid venturing out if it’s a hot day. This will allow your broken blood vessels to heal.