A link between your inner ear and your brain helps you keep your balance when you get out of bed or walk over rough ground. This is called your vestibular system.
If a disease or injury damages this system, you can have a vestibular disorder. Dizziness and trouble with your balance are the most ordinary symptoms, but you also can have problems with your hearing and vision.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This is the most common reason of positional vertigo, a sudden feeling that you’re spinning or swaying. It occurs when tiny calcium crystals in one part of your ear move into an area where they shouldn’t be. This causes your inner ear to tell your brain you’re moving when you’re really not.
BPPV can be treated through a series of head movements your doctor guides you through. These put the crystals back where they’re supposed to be.
Labyrinthitis: You might know this as an inner ear infection. It happens when a fragile structure deep inside your ear known as a labyrinth gets inflamed. This affects not just your balance and hearing, but you also may have ear pain, pressure, pus or fluid coming from your ear, nausea, and a high fever.
If your labyrinthitis is caused by a bacterial infection, you may need to take antibiotics. Your doctor also might recommend steroids to help bring down inflammation or another kind of drug known as an antiemetic to help with vomiting and dizziness.
Vestibular neuritis: A viral infection somewhere else in your body, such as chickenpox or measles, can bring on this disorder that affects the nerve that sends sound and balance information from your inner ear to your brain. The most common symptoms are sudden dizziness with nausea, vomiting, and trouble walking.
To treat vestibular neuritis, your doctor may give you medicine to wipe out the virus that’s causing it.
Meniere’s disease: People with this disorder have sudden attacks of vertigo, tinnitus (a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in their ears), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear. This may be caused by too much fluid in the inner ear, thanks to a virus, allergy, or autoimmune reaction. The hearing loss gets worse over time and can be permanent in some cases.
Enlarged vestibular aqueducts (EVA): The narrow, bony canals that go from your inner ear to the inside of your skull are called vestibular aqueducts. If these get larger than they should be, you can lose your hearing. The reason of EVA aren’t clear, but they seem to be linked to certain genes you can get from your parents.
There’s no proven treatment for EVA. The best ways to safeguard your hearing is to avoid contact sports or anything that can lead to a head injury, and stay away from fast changes in pressure, like the kind that happens with scuba diving.
Though the monsoon brings us the much-needed respite from the summer. It also comes with its own set of problems. The increase in waterborne diseases and high humidity is bad for people who suffer from ear and throat infections. Read on to learn how to stop Ear infections during Monsoon. Stay infection free and enjoy the rains. One has to take special care of children. Ear infection in babies is very common as they are vulnerable due to their low immunity.
The rise in humidity due to the rains is an ideal situation for fungus and bacteria to grow. We often get caught in the rain and get drenched. Not changing into dry clothes immediately or walking into an air-conditioned room in wet clothes is an invitation for common cold and throat infection. According to ENT Doctors, the increase in ear infection cases jumps 6 to 10 times during monsoons.
What are the Types of Ear Infection during Monsoon?
There are 2 types of Infections which are general during monsoon.
Though bacterial infection cases happen throughout the year, there is a large increase in cases during monsoon.
Fungal infection happens when the humidity is high. The wet and moist surfaces are breeding ground for fungus. The infection lies in the outer ear or the ear canal. The scientific name for fungal infection is Otomycosis.
What are the causes of Bacterial Ear Infection?
A bacterial ear infection can occur due to several causes. Throat infection is very common during the monsoon. Usually, the infection during monsoon starts from the throat. Smokers are more prone than others. Most of us do not pay attention and expect the infection to cure on its own. This infection spreads to the ear through the Eustachian tube.
Important Tips to prevent Bacterial Ear infection during Monsoon
The middle ear gets affected by bacterial infection as it spreads from the throat. We should protect our throat to ensure that the infection does not spread to the Ear.
During the rains, it is advisable to avoid cold drinks and foods which irritate the throat. Have lots of hot liquids like Tea, Coffee, and Soups.
Gargle your throat with salt water, salt water is a safe disinfectant.
Carry a hand sanitizer at all times; use Sanitizer if your hands come in contact with surfaces touched by others. For e.g. doorknobs, bus and metro handrails.
If an infection has already set in, antibiotic treatment may be required. Consult the doctor immediately, timely treatment will prevent the spread of infection.
What are the causes of Fungal Ear Infection?
A fungal ear infection is generally caused when the fungus is formed in the ear. The 2 main reasons are-
Transfer of fungus from an external source to our ears.
During the humid weather, fungus tends to grow on surfaces or clothes which are exposed to dampness. Touching fungus-infected clothes or surface transfers the fungus to our hands. At times we insert the same fingers into our ears. This transfers the fungus to our ears.